It’s a weird thing, but of all the things I have posted to the Cthulhu Reborn blog in the past year, the #1 most read article — by far — has been my dissection of the Open Cthulhu SRD. I’m not sure how to interpret that: maybe it means that people just like reading about controversial topics, or that my own humble publishing efforts are too niche to be exciting to most.
Regardless, it is still great that so many people have taken the time to read through my analysis. Several readers have also asked me whether I could write a more detailed overview as well … and I’m still thinking about whether I really have the spare time to do that, although I’d like to.
Anyway, my own analytical skills aside, there are a couple of small pieces of news/observation that I’d like to share here since they’re related to Open Licensing, the complications of Mythos IP, or both.
Open Cthulhu Has A Website
An announcement was made today to those on the Open Cthulhu beta-testers email list that the Open Cthulhu team have created a website to host material related to their game. This is a bit of a surprise to me, since things seem to have been pretty quiet on that front for a couple of months.
Looking through their website (www.opencthulhu.org), it currently seems to have not much more than just an open link to download the Open Cthulhu SRD (i.e., a way of getting the PDF without signing up to their beta scheme; something a few folks have asked me about). There does seem to be a suggestion that the site will be used to host original scenarios for Open Cthulhu and translation notes for running pre-existing scenarios with their system. I guess this suggests that beta testers are still running games of Open Cthulhu somewhere … I guess I will keep a watching brief on the site to see whether anything new materializes. I’m not holding my breath, but who knows?
[BTW: it’s worth reiterating again that the Open Cthulhu RPG team has nothing *at all* to do with the closed online Cthulhu community which is at http://www.opencthulhu.com. It’s an unfortunate confusion of two separate things.]
A Horror By Any Other Name …
One of the significant points that came up in the conversation about whether it is even possible to have a truly “open” Cthulhu Mythos game is the hideously complex state of actual (and purported) IP ownership of different Mythos names/books/creatures/gods. This has already been discussed here previously.
Recently I have been reading Pelgrane Press’ ENnie Award Winning Fall of Delta Green which hybridizes the Mythos-infused-conspiracy setting of Delta Green with the game mechanics of Gumshoe and then rewinds the clock to the 1960s. It’s a great book, but when I was reading through the section describing Mythos gods and creatures I noticed there are some obvious substitutions of different names for familiar critters and Mythos powers. Then I remembered that something similar occurs in the Delta Green Handler’s Guide. Clearly, when Arc Dream was preparing Delta Green and when Ken Hite was porting bits of it over to Fall, some effort was made to “skirt around” some of the contentious names. Or maybe names that people *thought* might be contentious.
If you haven’t noticed this in either book … an example of what I’m talking about is that neither DG or FoDG seems to want to mention “Ithaqua” or “Cthugha” by name, presumably since both are literary creations of August Derleth. So, a somewhat similar entity is described but given a different name. Hence the god of ultimate coldness is Itla-Shua, and the mindless ball of flame is Qu-tugkwa (also referred to in some places as Kheshthogha).
The table below summarises all the various substitutions that I was able to notice (along with my speculation as to why they may have been seen as necessary). Since the whole topic has been raised as important to future game designers, I figure it’s worth getting the DG/FoDG approach summarised as one data point on a convoluted mandala of misery. I do find it a bit ironic that the RPG hobby is once again moving into an era when euphemistic renaming of horrors seem necessary to get around the voracious appetites of an outside community — only this time it’s not AD&D renaming demons an devils to avoid the ire of 1980s Televangelists, it’s Mythos publishers doing much the same to dodge the complexity of IP ownership in the “shared” universe launched by HPL.
Table 1: Name Substitutions in the Delta Green Handlers Guide (DGHG, Arc Dream) and Fall of Delta Green (FoDG, Pelgrane).
|Possibly “Unsafe” Name
||Why Possibly Unsafe?
||Delta Green / FoDG Rename
||Abhoth is a literary creation of Clark Ashton Smith
||A-Abhi and Obhoth
||Atlach-Nacha is a literary creation of Clark Ashton Smith
|Avatars of Y’Golonac
||Y’Golonac is a literary creation of Ramsay Campbell
||Avatars of the Headless One
||Although Byakhee are based on a description by Lovecraft (in The Festival) it is generally considered that Chaosium/ Sandy Petersen invented the name Byakhee
||Winged Servitors (DGHG), possibly Ai-Apa (FoDG)
||Cthugha is a literary creation of August Derleth
||Qu-tugkwa and Kheshthogha
|Dark Young of Shub-Niggurath
||Although Lovecraft’s stories speak of Shub-Niggurath as being the “Goat with a Thousand Young” some believe that the name Dark Young was a Call of Cthulhu / Sandy Petersen invention
||Haedi Nigritiae (Latin for Young Goats of Darkness)
||Fire Vampires (at least as they appear in Call of Cthulhu) are the servitors of Cthugha invented by August Derleth. There is a separate invention of Donald Wandrei that uses the name “Fire Vampires” but in a different sense.
||Although Lovecraft’s description of the enemies of the Great Race specifically describes their ability to fly and also their “half-polypous” nature, it is conceivable that the name “Flying Polyp” was a Call of Cthulhu / Sandy Petersen invention
||Muuruup (FoDG, an Australian Aboriginal word) and
Spectral Polyps (DGHG)
|Formless Spawn of Tsathoggua
||The Formless Spawn are a literary creation of Clark Ashton Smith
||Kythamila (FoDG, referencing a planet mentioned in Lovecraft’s collaboration “Through the Gates of the Silver Key”)
Slime of Tsathoggua (DGHG)
||Gla’aki is a literary creation of Ramsay Campbell
||Giliszta (FoDG) although DGHG uses the Gla’aki name unchanged as well as Eihort and Insects from Shagghai which are omitted from FoDG
|Hounds of Tindalos
||Hounds of Tindalos are a literary invention of Frank Belknap Long
||Hounds of the Angles (DGHG) although FoDG uses the Hounds of Tindalos name
||Ithaqua is a name coined by August Derleth
||The Lloigor are a literary creation of Colin Wilson
||Xin and Lung-Xin (FoDG) although DGHG uses the Lloigor name unchanged
||Star Vampires are a literary creation of Robert Bloch
||Feaster from the Stars
||Although Tulzcha is based on a description by Lovecraft (in The Festival) it is generally considered that the name Tulzcha was invented for Chaosium’s “Kingsport” sourcebook
||Y’Golonac is a literary creation of Ramsay Campbell
||The Headless One